In order to support a dental prosthesis then a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull is used and is referred to as a dental implant. An intraoral used to restore intraoral defects such as missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate is referred to as a dental prosthesis. An intraoral means the inside of the mouth in which restoration occurs. Prosthodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses.
There are functions that have been resulted by dental prostheses and they include; rehabilitating mastication, aiding of speech and improving aesthetics. The position of the dental prostheses is that its held on one place by connecting to teeth or dental implants by suction or being passively held by surrounding muscles. Fixing of the dental prostheses is that it can be permanent or temporarily fixed which has a lot of variations.
Use of dental adhesives or screws to attach to the teeth or dental implants is done by dental prostheses that are permanently fixed. Using friction against parallel hard surfaces that undercuts the adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention and also by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold it in place is the process of removing dental prostheses.
Orthodontic anchors are dental braces which are used to straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite while aiming to improve their dental health. Not only does braces straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite but they also correct under bites, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, malocclusions among other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
Aside from assisting in shaping the teeth and jaws the combination of other orthodontic appliances are used to help widen the palate or jaws and they can be found as cosmetic or structural braces. Osseointegration is a biological process that is used as a basis for modern dental implants. Titanium is the material that is used to form an intimate bond to bone. Osseointegration is the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load- bearing artificial implant. The application of osseointegration include the following; eye-borg perceive color through sound waves, bone anchored hearing conduction amplification, retention of the craniofacial prostheses, dental implants, bone anchored limb prostheses and knee and joint replacement.
The healing time after undergoing osseointegration is quite significant even before attaching of dental prosthetic to the implant or an abutment is placed to hold on the dental prosthetic. An implants position is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth through lab simulations or using computer tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents.